What is the spread-squat-position?
The spread-squat-position exists for centuries. It is grounded in the phylogenetic development: It was necessary to carry their children to ensure the survival of the human race. Babies had often been placed on the waist of an adult. Babies had adapted of being carried and had developped the so called spread-squat-position evolutionary. Today this is still the natural posture of newborns being lifted up.
How does the spread-squat-position look like?
The legs of the newborn are squatted, knees are on navel height and the thighs are spread apart slightly. This natural posture is perfectly suitable for wearing babies on the hip. Infants take the spread-squat-position automatically in anticipation of being lifted up. After the baby is lifted up, it strengthens the already assumed spread-squat-position, in anticipation of being carried. The hip joints oriented forward, the legs bent squatting - knees to navel height - and the thighs spread in a 90° angle. Placing the newborn on the hip, you quickly realize that the spread-squat-position is the perfect position carrying the baby.
Advantages of the spread-squat-position:
Thanks to the spread-squat-position all areas of the acetabulum are charged sufficiently so that the hip joints and cartilage can breed naturally. If the child has hip dysplasia or shows signs of this disease, parents often get the advise to carry their baby in the spread-squat-position. If the baby`s legs dangle down, the heads of the femur give pressure on the cartilaginous and the acetabulum. This can cause deformation.
Anatomical Facts: Spine
If a child is carried in the spread-squat-position the back does not need to raise. Especially, this is important in the beginning, because the spine is cartilaginous, the muscles are still too weak and the discs do not fulfill their function completely.
You can carry your child in this position directly after birth - whether on the hip, the back or on the belly. When choosing a baby carrier or sling, always ensure that the seat portion extends to the knee of your child so that the back is supported and rounded. For newborns and infants, you also ensure that the head is supported, since they can not hold it up themselves.
Anatomical Facts: Hip
Looking at the anatomy of the hip of newborns, the adjustment of being carried is shown very clearly. The hip of a baby is still immature. But this is not really a problem as the child automatically assumes the spread-squat-position once it is lifted. The advantages of this position are not only particularly valuable for the bones of the baby, but also for muscles, ligaments, and blood flow of the infant.
The most important at a glance:
- The legs of the newborn should be squatted (about 110°).
- The knees should be at navel height.
- The hips should be oriented to the front.
- The thighs should be spread in about a 90° angle slightly.
- The seating surface of the baby carrier should reach from hollow of the knee to the other one, head and back should be supported as well.