What is the squat-spread-position?
The spread-squat-position exists for centuries. It lies in the phylogenetic development: In order to ensure the survival of the humans, it was necessary to carry their children. The babies were often placed on the waist of an adult. Babies have adapted to being carried and evolutionary devleoped the so called spread-squat-position. Namely this is the posture of the newborn, which it assumes when it is lifted.
How does the spread-squat-position look like?
The legs of the newborn are squatted, knees are on navel height and the thighs are slightly spread apart. This posture is perfectly suitable for wearing the baby on the hip. In anticipation of being lifted up infants take the spread-squat-position often when they know people. After the baby was lifted up, it strengthens the already assumed spread-squat-position, in anticipation of being carried. The hip joints are oriented forward, the legs bent squatting, knees to navel height and the thighs are spread in a 90° angle. Placing the newborn on the hip, one quickly realizes that the spread-squat-position is the perfect position to carry the baby.
Advantages of the spread-squat-position ?
Thanks to the spread-squat-position all areas of the acetabulum are charged sufficiently and uniformly allowing the hip joints and cartilage to form at rest. If the child has hip dysplasia or has signs of this disease, parents are often even advised to carry their baby in the spread-squat-position. In other positions, if e.g. the legs are hanging, the heads of the femur are pressing on the still cartilaginous and thus deformable pan walls and edges. This can cause deformation.
Facts anatomy: Back
The spread-squat-position comes to benefit the all-important round back: If a child is carried in this position, the back does not need to raise. This is especially important in the beginning because the spine is cartilaginous, the muscles are still too weak and the discs do not fulfill their function completely.
You can carry your child in this position directly after birth - whether on the hip, the back or on the belly. When choosing a baby carrier or sling, always ensure that the seat portion extends to the knee of your child and the back is supported and rounded. For newborns and infants, you also ensure that the head is supported, since they can not hold it up themselves.
Facts anatomy: Hip
Looking at the anatomy of the hip of a newborn baby, the adjustment to the being carried, can be seen. The hip of a baby is still immature. But this is not really a problem as the child automatically assumes the spread-squat-position once it is lifted. The advantages of this position are not only particularly valuable for the bones of the baby, but also for muscles, ligaments, and blood flow of the infant.
The most important at a glance
- The legs of the newborn should be squatted (about 110°)
- The knees should be at level of the navel
- The thighs should be slightly spread
- The hips should be oriented to the front
- The thighs should be spread in about a 90° angle
- The seat portion of the carrying aid should reach the hollow of the knee of your child, head and back should be supported